Henry VIII Parents
Henry VIII Parents
The Tudors encompass one of the most exciting periods in English History. The dynasty of the Tudors include Kings and Queens such as King Henry VIII and his daughters. But who were the Henry VIII Parents? The father of King Henry VIII was Henry VII (1457 - 1509) who cemented his succession and settled the friction between the Yorkists and Lancastrians and ending the War of the Roses by marrying the Yorkist heir, Elizabeth of York (1466 - 1503) who became the mother of Henry VIII.
Henry VIII Parents - The father of King Henry VIII
The father of Henry VIII was King Henry VII. Henry VII was the only son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort. Margaret Beaufort was a descendant of the Plantagenet King Edward III through his son, John of Gaunt, and his third wife Katherine Swynford. The father of Henry VII, Edmund Tudor, died before he was born and the future King Henry VII was raised by his uncle Jasper Tudor. The Tudors were members of the House of Lancaster. England entered a period of Civil war called the War of the Roses between noble factions of England called the House of York and the House of Lancaster. A Lancastrian rebellion rose against the Yorkist King Richard III following the disappearance of the Princes in the Tower ( who the two young brothers of Elizabeth of York). On August 22nd 1485 Henry Tudor defeated King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field and Henry Tudor claimed the throne of England. The marriage chosen by King Henry VII was extremely important as it joined the York and Lancaster factions. The parents of King Henry VIII started the Tudor dynasty and effectively ended the War of the Roses.
Henry VIII Parents - The Mother of King Henry VIII
The Lancastrian King Henry VII married Elizabeth of York, the daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville on 18 January 1486. The marriage between Elizabeth of York and King Henry VII was a happy one. Elizabeth of York became the mother of King Henry VIII. Henry and Elizabeth were the proud parents of four children. They had two daughters Margaret Tudor (1489 – 1541) and Mary Tudor (1496 – 1533). They also had two sons - Arthur, Prince of Wales (1486 – 1502) and Prince Henry (1491 – 1547). Arthur was the first born son and therefore the Prince of Wales and heir to the English throne. Prince Henry as the second son was destined to take the secular life. Arthur, Prince of Wales married the Spanish princess Catherine of Aragon on November 14, 1501 but Prince Arthur died six months later on April 2, 1502. His parents were devastated but as a result of his older brothers death Prince Henry became the heir to the English throne and became King Henry VIII. Elizabeth of York died on 11 February 1503.
The relationship between Henry VIII and his Parents
The relationship between Henry VIII and his mother was a good one. Henry adored his mother Elizabeth of York who was a kind, loyal and obedient woman. Henry was spoilt and pampered during his childhood by both his mother and his grandmother. His father was a prudent king and during his reign he brought wealth and prosperity to England leaving a stable legacy to Henry. The relationship between his father King Henry VII was somewhat perplexing. King Henry VII clearly favoured Prince Arthur, the heir to the throne of England. Prince Arthur was the Heir and Prince Henry was the 'spare'. Arthur was therefore given royal responsibilities whereas Prince Henry was destined to a secular life, his possible future role might have been the Archbishop of Canterbury. Both of the royal brothers had a strict upbringing and anyone who came into contact with them were carefully vetted. Henry VIII had limited freedom and closely watched by his father. King Henry VII had lived through the 30 year civil war in England referred to as the 'War of the Roses' between the Yorkists and Lancastrians. Henry VII had seen at first hand the in-fighting in families. As the parent of the two princes King Henry VII might have been concerned about possible rivalry between the two siblings. After the death of Prince Arthur King Henry VII was reputed to have been "beset by the fear that his son might during his lifetime obtain too much power." The cousin of Prince Henry, Reginald Pole, later claimed that King Henry VII disliked his second son "having no affection or fancy unto him". It was also reported that the King quarrelled so violently with young Henry in 1508 that it appeared "as if he sought to kill him."
Henry VIII Parents
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